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IYE: International Year of Ecotourism (2002)
Quebec Declaration on Ecotourism
In the framework of the UN International Year of Ecotourism, 2002, over one thousand participants coming from 132 countries, from the public, private and non-governmental sectors met at the World Ecotourism Summit, hosted in Québec City, Canada, between 19 and 22 May 2002. This document takes into account the preparatory process, as well as the discussions held during the Summit.
World Ecotourism Summit Final Report
The World Ecotourism Summit was held in Quebec City, Canada from 19 to 22 May, 2002. This was the principal event to mark 2002 as the International Year of Ecotourism. The purpose of the Summit was to bring together governments, international agencies, NGOs, tourism enterprises, representatives of local and indigenous communities, academic institutions and individuals with an interest in ecotourism, and enable them to learn from each other and identify some agreed principles and priorities for the future development and management of ecotourism. more...
IYE Regional Meeting Reports
Africa - Seminar on Planning, Development and Management of Ecotourism in Africa - Regional Preparatory Meeting for the International Year of Ecotourism, 2002 (Maputo, Mozambique, 5-6 March 2001)
The African Continent features extended protected areas hosting a wide variety of ecosystems and traditional cultures that are major attractions for nature-oriented tourism. In many countries, vast national and wildlife parks count for classic game- watching tourism, and many forms of ecotourism activities are practised in natural areas of different status, under different management structures, involving stakeholders from all sectors of society. Ecotourism, if properly planned and managed, can be a viable source of economic benefits for governments, private entrepreneurs and local communities alike. more...
CIS Countries, China and Mongolia - Ecotourism, a Tool for Sustainable Development in the 21st Century in the transitional economies of the CIS countries - A Preparatory Seminar for the International Year of Ecotourism, 2002. (Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan, 17-18 October 2001)
Ecotourism provides clearly a major opportunity for the CIS countries, China and Mongolia. As there are few territories in the world with potential for ecotourism equal to that of the vast Euro-Asian region, these countries can be considered as emerging markets, which hold a great promise for ecotourism development. The relatively undeveloped and/or unexploited areas of these countries possess a rich natural diversity and a unique cultural and historical heritage which can provide a solid base for the internationally growing ecotourism activity. The region hosts a great variety of climate zones and eco-systems. more...
Greece - The Development of Ecotourism: The International Experience and the Case of Greece, Preparatory Conference for the International Year of Ecotourism 2002 (Thessaloniki, Greece, 2-4 November 2001)
In the Mediterranean and in Europe, ecotourism is seen both as a separate tourism product and as a part of a tourism product of particular countries and regions. In most cases ecotourism is combined with other environmentally forms of tourism such as rural tourism, sustainable mountain tourism etc. Therefore, many discussions during the conference were oriented towards a definition of ecotourism, which in Mediterranean Europe is often seen in a broader form than in other parts of the World, especially in developing countries with rich natural heritage and in exceptionally sensitive natural areas. more...
Mountain Areas - A Challenge to Sustainable Development, European Preparatory Conference for 2002 - the International Year of Ecotourism and the International Year of Mountains (St. Johann/Pongau and Werfenweng, Salzburg, Austria, 12-15 September 2001)
The mountain areas in Europe are often peripheral rural regions characterised by agricultural and forestry activities, low industry impact, often socially endangered by the rise of the ratio of old people to total population due to rural exodus phenomena of the youth. The mountain areas are ecologically extremely sensitive and they provide for the European water reservoir and an important recreation area for a large number of Europeans. more...
Russia - Ecotourism, a Tool for Sustainable Development in the 21st Century in the Transitional Economies of the CIS Countries (Moscow, Russian Federation, March 25-26, 2002)
Given the fierce competition between various destinations and leisure activities, appropriate marketing techniques should be used in order to successfully sell the product, including ecotourism, to the final consumer. A cornerstone for successful marketing is a demand-based approach, market segmentation and the use of marketing mix principles. Any marketing programme should be well targeted and appropriately funded. Given the lack of ecotourism promotion funding in Russia and other CIS countries, any marketing effort should be directed at the travel trade in the generating market rather than at the final consumer. more...
Small Islands Developing States - Conference on Sustainable Development of Ecotourism in Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) and Other Small Islands Preparatory Conference for the International Year of Ecotourism (Mahé, Seychelles, 8-10 December 2001)
Governmental commitment to conservation and ecotourism development in Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) is one of the most important factors for operational success. Since the natural environment is the primary attraction in SIDS and other small islands, it is imperative that public, private and non-governmental organizations co-operate in regulating the industry and enforcing the institutional framework. more...